The winter months can be tough for all of us. Cold temperatures, short days and less sunlight can make life feel more difficult to manage and can cause many to experience changes in mood with the changes in the weather. Combine that with the high levels of stress, anxiety and even depression brought on by COVID-19, and those who suffer from seasonal affect disorder (SAD) may experience more severe symptoms than normal.
SAD is a type of depression that is typically related to changes in season – most commonly beginning in fall/winter when the days get shorter and the amount of daylight decreases. About 2-3% of Canadians will experience SAD in their lifetime with women and those with a family history of depression at higher risk. Another 15% will experience a milder form of seasonal depression. While the cause of SAD is still unclear, it is believed to be triggered by disruptions to our “biological clock” which controls our sleep-wake patterns and other circadian rhythms, as well changes in serotonin and melatonin levels – brain chemicals that affect mood. Common symptoms include:
Feelings of anxiety, depression, sadness, hopelessness, and guilt
Low energy / fatigue
Trouble sleeping or oversleeping
Losing an interest in activities you normally enjoy
Changes in appetite and weight
With the ongoing pandemic, stresses from lack of social interactions/isolation, fear over the health and safety of ourselves and our loved ones, and the overall uncertainty of this new way of life can negatively affect anyone’s mental health – especially those already living with depression. COVID-19 is also causing people to stay inside more, further decreasing their exposure to natural light – a driving factor of seasonal depression. For those who suffer from SAD, this can mean more severe symptoms than normal and can also mean those who may typically be asymptomatic to experience symptoms.
Vancouver-based psychiatrist, Dr Matthew Chow, says he has seen an uptick in the number of people who are experiencing difficulty this winter.
“It has been particularly tough as we experience a second wave of COVID-19 and there is so much uncertainty going into the holiday season. For people continuing to struggle, there are ways to manage the symptoms yourself and there is professional help available if you need it."
Depending on the severity of the symptoms, there are a number of different treatment options for SAD so check with your doctor or health care provider if you are concerned. There are also steps you can take to help prevent the onset or magnitude of the symptoms:
During these uncertain and stressful times, feelings of depression and mood changes may be compounded. Says Dr Chow,
“Fortunately there are causes for optimism, including the record-setting pace of development of new vaccines and evidence that the majority of people are finding ways to cope during these challenging times.”
But if you experience “down days” at the same time every year or they persist for days at a time, see your doctor or health care provider. It’s important that we all look after our mental health and well-being.